Arabic Calligrapher

Tag - Tughra

The Tughra is one of the beautiful scripts in Arabic calligraphy, created by combining and blending the Thuluth, Ijazah, and Diwani scripts. A tughra serves as a stylized royal seal and signature, traditionally applied by Ottoman sultans to every royal edict. This script was used as a seal when signing decrees and imperial messages. While each sultan’s tughra is slightly different, it typically comprises the reigning sultan’s name, his father’s name, his title, and the phrase ‘the eternally victorious.’ The Tughra emerged as a distinctive form of a unique signature and royal monogram, also appearing on coins. Due to its complexity and the difficulty in forming it in calligraphy, only a few calligraphers mastered drawing the recognizable Tughra block and forming its distinctive structure. Despite being challenging for non-experts to read, the Tughra is considered one of the most beautiful compositions in Arabic calligraphy when compared to other script formations. The Tughra has a characteristic form: two loops on the left side, three vertical lines in the middle, stacked writing on the bottom, and two extensions to the right. Each of these elements has a specific meaning, and together they make up the form that is easily recognizable as a Tughra.